Shari’ah of Istinshaq and Istinthar
Istinshaq is inhaling water with both nostrils; Istinthar is exhaling water from the nostrils. Both are the sunnah of wudhu ‘based on the hadith narrated from Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu’ anhu that Rasulullah sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:
إِذَا تَوَضَّأَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَسْتَنْشِقْ بِمَنْخِرَيْهِ مِنَ الْمَاءِ ثُمَّ لْيَنْتَثِرْ
“If any one of you is to perform wudhu, let him inhale the water into his nostrils (Istinshaq), and let him exhale the water (Istinthar).” (Muslim, no. 237).
When performing wudhu’, Istinshaq and Istinthar are done after washing hands, together with or after gargling. Rasulullah also recommended that during Istinshaq, the water be inhaled so that it reaches the base of the nose
Ketika berwudhu’, Istinshaq dan Istinthar ini dilakukan setelah cuci tangan, bersamaan dengan atau setelah berkumur. Rasulullah pun menganjurkan agar saat Istinshaq, air dihirup sehingga mencapai pangkal hidung.
وَبَالِغْ فِي الِاسْتِنْشَاقِ إلَّا أَنْ تَكُونَ صَائِمًا
“Inhale water deeply during Istinshaq except when fasting .” (Abu Daud, no. 142; Ibnu Majah, no. 448; An-Nasa’i, no. 114. Al-Hafizh Abu Thahir said that the hadits is valid.)
The Benefit of Istinshaq and Istinthar
Each item of Shariah teachings is believed to have great benefit, physical and spiritual, physical and psychological. This time this article will discuss the benefit of physical health contained in Istinshaq and Istinthar.
Many studies conducted by health experts conclude that Istinshaq and Istinthar have a very important role in maintaining human physical health.
In a health article on Detik.com, it is stated that in the medical world, the Istinshaq process is called nasal irrigation, which is the process of washing the nasal cavity from all kinds of impurities lodged in it, ranging from dust to bacteria.
This was confirmed by Dr. Bagas Wicaksono SpTHT-KL from RSIA Kemang Medical Care that breathing water into the nose can help cleaning germs, allergens, bacteria, and even viruses from the nose. The cleaning process is realized if the water is inhaled up to the base of the nose.It was further revealed that at the base of the nose there are smooth fibers associated with nerves and brain. The water touch when Istinshaq can provide a stimulus to the nerves so that they remain alert.
Professor Hembing as reported by eramuslim.com added that in addition to being a sense of smell, the nose also has a function as a warming tool. Concha’s surface which has a lot of blood capillaries causes the incoming air through the nasal cavity to be warmed. The Istinshaq process has important role in cleaning the surface of the Concha.
Prof. Hembing asserted that many benefits can be drawn from Istinshaq and Istinthar. Every time people clean and wash the nose, the germs such as sinusitis, influenza (colds and flu), bronchitis, and others will disappear.
Covid-19 (Corona Virus) Prevention
Since the end of 2019 and early 2020 an outbreak caused by the Corona virus has spread from Wuhan China. The virus which was later by the World Health Organization (WHO) named Covid-19 was transmitted uncontrollably to several countries of the world in a short time. WHO also finally determined the disease caused by Covid-19 as Global Pandemic. All countries with outermost people are asked to do lock-downs, so that there is no more human traffic going out or entering infected countries to reduce the level of transmission.
This Corona virus causes respiratory diseases (like the flu) with symptoms such as coughing, fever, and in more severe cases, pneumonia. You can protect yourself by washing your hands regularly and avoid touching your face.
In its official press release the WHO is spreading an appeal about efforts to prevent the transmission of the Covid-19 virus. The main step is to wash hands and face frequently, drink a lot in an effort to leave the mouth and larynx (the meeting area between the throat and esophagus) remain wet. That is due to the finding that the Covid-19 virus cannot last long in water and in hot air.
Observing the appeals released by WHO is very much in line with the benefits of Istinshaq and Istinthar: clearing the nasal passages to the base of various impurities including germs, bacteria, and viruses; cleaning the surface of the concha so that it can get maximum warmth for the area around the base of the nose and throat; and increase the level of general physical health that can inhibit the growth of the Corona virus.
If we return to the belief that all diseases descend from Allah and all viruses are creatures of Allah, then it is very appropriate to use medication and deterrence of diseases that descend from Allah as well. Allah As-Shafi. Allah the One Who Heals. Istinshaq and Istinthar are the teachings of Allah taught through His Messanger.